malachite green fish

malachite green fish

Google Scholar, Dong JX, Xu C, Wang H, Xiao ZL, Gee SJ, Li ZF, Wang F, Wu WJ, Shen YD, Yang JY, Sun YM, Hammock BD (2014) Enhanced sensitive immunoassay: noncompetitive phage anti-immune complex assay for the determination of malachite green and leucomalachite green. Cu-based metal-organic frameworks (Cu-MOFs), https://doi.org/10.1007/s12161-019-01459-x. Print infocard. By continuing you agree to the use of cookies. ZYQR201810151), the Natural Science Foundation of Henan Province (162300410209), and Henan Joint International Research Laboratory of Chemo/Biosensing and Early Diagnosis of Major Diseases. ChemElectroChem 5:6–19, Lvov Y, Mohwald H (2000) In protein architecture: interfacing molecular assemblies and immobilization biotechnology. Here are the following uses for Malachite Green in the home aquarium. Malachite Green is normally used in conjunction with other treatments like Formalin to increase its efficacy against external parasites. Kordon's Malachite Green is an effective medication used for the control of various external parasites of freshwater and marine fishes. Malachite green (MG) is an antifungal agent approved for use in aquarium fish. J Electroanal Chem 792:23–30, Sacara AM, Nairi V, Salis A, Turdean GL, Muresan LM (2017b) Silica-modified electrodes for electrochemical detection of malachite green. MG is well known as an effective topical fungicide used by the aquaculture industry. You should use the medical-grade, zinc- free quality to avoid heavy fish losses. in fish culture for control of external parasites of fish and control of fungus on fish and fish eggs. Food Control 40:100–105, Guo ZY, Gai PP, Hao TT, Duan J, Wang S (2011) Determination of malachite green residues in fish using a highly sensitive electrochemiluminescence method combined with molecularly imprinted solid phase extraction. Malachite green was classified a Class II Health Hazard. This material exhibits excitation-independent dual emissions at 625 and 679 nm, with a high quantum yield of 23.6%. Only 9 left in stock. Immediate online access to all issues from 2019. Google Scholar. Food Analytical Methods Food Chem 169:80–84, Zhu QL, Xu Q (2014) Metal-organic framework composites. CAS  Substance identity Substance identity. Herein, we design a novel fluorescent probe, namely red emissive Se,N,Cl-doped carbon dots (CDs), to accurately determinate MG. CDs are prepared by hydrothermal treatment of selenourea and o-phenylenediamine in HCl solution. FSANZ has completed an assessment of the potential public health and safety risk posed by malachite and leucomalachite green residues in Australian farmed and imported fresh fish. CAS  Anal Chim Acta 707:148–154, Shi ZN, Li L, Xiao YX, Wang YX, Sun KK, Wang HX, Liu L (2017) Synthesis of mixed-ligand cu-MOFs and their adsorption of malachite green. The fluorescence quenching of CDs is linear to the MG concentration over the range of 0.07–2.50 μM with a low detection limit of 21 nM. Malachite green, also called aniline green, benzaldehyde green, or china green, triphenylmethane dye used medicinally in dilute solution as a local antiseptic.Malachite green is effective against fungi and gram-positive bacteria. 4.5 out of 5 stars 111. Very little information is available concerning the toxicity of these compounds to fish under laboratory test conditions or the differences in sensitiv- ity to these chemicals at various life stages. J Chromatogr B 1035:25–30, Liu LT, Zhou YL, Liu S, Xu MT (2018) The applications of metal-organic frameworks in electrochemical sensors. When used as directed the medication will control or prevent the following common protozoan parasites: Ichthyophthinus (freshwater Ich), Costra, Chilodonella, Ambiphyra, Cryptocaryon (marine Ich), Epistylis, Oodinium and Trichodina. Malachite green is also used domestically as a treatment for diseases of tropical fish and can be readily obtained by the general public. https://goo.gl/bRejwR Internal Parasites metronidazole healing up the rainbows. 5.0 out of 5 stars 1. £12.85 £ 12. It is important to realise that in most cases, fungal infections of fish are secondary infections and unless the primary infection – quite often bacterial – is resolved then anti-fungal treatments such as malachite are … US$ 39.95. It is not usually used to treat bacterial diseases. It has been used globally for therapeutic treatment in aquaculture, but is unauthorised for use in food-producing animals in the EU. Vet Rec 122: 103 – 6. Alderman DJ , Clifton-Hadley RS . Malachite Green According to Regulation (EC) No 1907/2006, Annex II, as amended. RSC Adv 7:30904–30910, Srivastava S, Sinha R, Roy D (2004) Toxicological effects of malachite green. Product identifier Product name Malachite Green Product number PL.7030, PL.7030/25, PL.7030/100, PL.7031, PL.7032 1.2. medicinal products for food producing animals is not authorised in the Community, and its metabolite leucomalachite green in aquaculture products, the level to be set for harmonised MRPL for that substance has been agreed in consultation with the Community Reference Laboratories, the National Reference Laboratories and the Member States. Do not use in the presence of zinc or iron. Malachite green has powerful anti-fungal properties and is used against Saprolegnia (fungus) either when present on fish or to as a prophylactic treatment to protect fish-eggs from infection. Malachite green (MG) has been used globally in aquaculture but is not registered for use in food-producing animals in the European Union. 32. A powerful, active medication that works to treat fungal and parasite diseases such as White Spot, Costia, Chilodonella and Trichodina in Koi Carp. Xiaoqiao Li declares that she has no conflict of interest. It is also commercially available in products ready for pet fish use. Citing Literature. Carbon dots can be used for trace detection of malachite green in fish tissue. Alderman DJ . It is also a very popular treatment against ichthyophthirius in freshwater aquaria. Anal Chem 82:2652–2660, Sun ZG, Li G, Zhang Y, Liu HO, Gao XH (2015) Ag–Cu–BTC prepared by postsynthetic exchange as effective catalyst for selective oxidation of toluene to benzaldehyde. © 2020 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. Zhonghao Pan declares that he has no conflict of interest. J Agric Food Chem 59:5257–5262, Huang BM, Zhou XB, Chen J, Wu GF, Lu XQ (2015) Determination of malachite green in fish based on magnetic molecularly imprinted polymer extraction followed by electrochemiluminescence. The developed electrochemical sensor exhibited a low detection limit of 2.2 nM with a wide linear range of 10–140 nM and high anti-interference ability. RSC Adv 5:14547–14552, Shen YD, Deng YF, Xu ZL, Wang Y, Lei HT, Wang H, Yang JY, Xiao ZL, Sun YM (2011) Simultaneous determination of malachite green, brilliant green and crystal violet in grass carp tissues by a broad-specificity indirect competitive enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Aquat Toxicol 66:319–329, Stassen I, Burtch N, Talin A, Falcaro P, Allendorfc M, Ameloot R (2017) An updated roadmap for the integration of metal–organic frameworks with electronic devices and chemical sensors. Energy Environ Sci 5:9269–9290, Nebot C, Iglesias A, Barreiro R, Miranda JM, Vázquez B, Franco CM, Cepeda A (2013) A simple and rapid method for the identification and quantification of malachite green and its metabolite in hake by HPLCeMS/MS. Electroanalysis 30:1095–1099, Maxwell EJ, Tong WG (2016) Sensitive detection of malachite green and crystal violet by nonlinear laser wave mixing and capillary electrophoresis. Food Anal Methods 11:1668–1676, Laviron E (1974) Study on the behavior of the mercury film electrode. A selective and sensitive fluorescent sensor toward MG is established based on inner filter effect, because both the excitation and emission light of CDs can be strongly absorbed by MG. 21675109), the Central Thousand Talents Plan (No. PubMed  This is a fast acting medication that is useful against many external fish problems. Malachite green has traditionally been used to treat fungal infections on fish and their eggs. The proposed strategy presents valuable information for the evaluation of the food safety in aquaculture industry. Even if you do, there’s no reason to panic. Methods 12, 1246–1254 (2019). SECTION 1: Identification of the substance/mixture and of the company/undertaking 1.1. Catal Commun 59:92–96, Tan EZ, Yin PG, You TT, Wang H, Guo L (2012) Three dimensional design of large-scale TiO2 nanorods scaffold decorated by silver nanoparticles as SERS sensor for ultrasensitive malachite green detection. Yanli Zhou declares that she has no conflict of interest. Although the principal use of malachite green in fish culture has been to prevent the overgrowth of oomycete fungi on incubating fish eggs, there is also extensive Regulatory process names 1 IUPAC names 1 Other identifiers 1 . Chem Rev 112:1055–1083, Article  - 101.99.65.25. Number of times cited according to CrossRef: 32. Correspondence to Malachite green (MG) is a triarylmethane dye that has been extensively used for coloring purpose in leather, silk, cotton and paper industries (Khan et al., 2019).It can also serve as an effective fungicide and parasiticide in aquaculture (Samiey & Toosi, 2010).However, MG is highly toxic. Malachite green is a dye that is both carcinogenic and genotoxic (i.e. (1993) Malachite green: a pharmacokinetic study in rainbow trout, Oncorhynchus mykiss (Walbaum). Access options Buy single article. Introduction. Chem Soc Rev 46:3185–3241, Stead SL, Ashwin H, Johnston BH, Dallas A, Kazakov SA, Tarbin JA, Sharman M, Kay J, Keely BJ (2010) An RNA-aptamer-based assay for the detection and analysis of malachite green and leucomalachite green residues in fish tissue. MG absorbed by fish tissue is metabolically reduced to leucomalachite green (LMG), which is lipophilic and can be stored in edible fish tissue for an extended period of time. Alderman DJ , Clifton-Hadley RS . J Agric Food Chem 58:7109–7114, Article  ACS Appl Mater Interfaces 4:3432–3437, Wang HZ, Wang Y, Liu S, Yu JH, Xu W, Guo YN, Huang JD (2014) An RNA aptamer-based electrochemical biosensor for sensitive detection of malachite green. 99. It will stain your skin and may persist for the best part of the day, or if you’re unlucky, a little longer, there will likely be no … J Electroanal Chem 52:355–393, Li L, Lin ZZ, Peng AH, Zhong HP, Chen XM, Huang ZY (2016) Biomimetic ELISA detection of malachite green based on magnetic molecularly imprinted polymers. Food Anal. Chem Soc Rev 43:5468–5512, Zusková E, Máchová J, Svobodova Z, Vesely T (2007) Negative effects of malachite green and possibilities of its replacement in the treatment of fish eggs and fish: a review. Is malachite green harmful? Disorders treated by Malachite Green include the following: Egg Fungus - Serves as a safe disinfectant for fish eggs. Cu-based metal-organic frameworks modified by silver (Ag/Cu-MOFs) were in situ fabricated through a one-step direct synthesis. The principle metabolite, leuco-malachite green (LMG), is the main chemical found in fish treated with malachite green. Compared with the bare GC electrode, the introduced Ag/Cu-MOF film on the electrode surface dramatically improved the sensitivity of the sensor response according to the accumulation and catalytic activity of Ag/Cu-MOFs for malachite green. £21.32 £ 21. Google Scholar, Chen GY, Miao S (2010) HPLC determination and MS confirmation of malachite green, gentian violet, and their leuco metabolite residues in channel catfish muscle. The ‘Substance identity’ section is calculated from substance identification information from all ECHA databases. (1988) Malachite green therapy of proliferative kidney disease in rainbow trout: field trials. ScienceDirect ® is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V. ScienceDirect ® is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V. Fluorescence detection of malachite green in fish tissue using red emissive Se,N,Cl-doped carbon dots. The medication will cure several types of external parasites including fresh and saltwater ich as well as fungal infections. Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout. Malachite green is also found to be especially active against the fungus Saprolegnia, which infects fish eggs in commercial aquaculture. Due to its low manufacturing cost, malachite green is still used in certain countries with less restrictive laws for non aquaculture purposes. KORDON #37444 Malachite for Aquarium, 4-Ounce, Green, $9.07; Seachem ParaGuard 250ml, $8.77; Malachite Green, 1% Aqueous Solution, 1 fl oz (30mL) - The Curated Chemical Collection, $9.59 PubMed Central  Facile detection of malachite green (MG), a toxic dye, in aquaculture is urgently demanded for environment and food safety. Microchim Acta 160:291–296, Zhang K, Song G, Yang LX, Zhou J, Ye BX (2012) A novel self-assembly voltammetric sensor for malachite green based on ethylenediamine and graphene oxide. Copyright © 2020 Elsevier B.V. or its licensors or contributors. Use when Koi appear to be flicking, parasites are visible or a cloudy mucus appears on fish. J Chromatogr B 1020:29–35, Misran H, Salim MA, Ramesh S (2018) Effect of Ag nanoparticles seeding on the properties of silica spheres. Malachite green (MG) is an effective topical fungicide used in the aquaculture industry. Fungus that appears like cotton wool may also be apparent. However, care must be exercised when treating known sensitive fishes such as dwarf cichlids, barbs, tetras, gouramis, livebearers, catfish, loaches, mormyrids and scaleless fishes. Sensor Actuators B Chem 239:69–75, Xie J, Peng T, Chen DD, Zhang QJ, Wang GM, Wang X, Guo Q, Jiang F, Chen D, Deng J (2013) Determination of malachite green, crystal violet and their leuco-metabolites in fish by HPLC–VIS detection after immunoaffinity column clean-up. Kordon #37444 Malachite for Aquarium, 4-Ounce, Green. Henan Key Laboratory of Biomolecular Recognition and Sensing, College of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Shangqiu Normal University, Shangqiu, 476000, People’s Republic of China, Yanli Zhou, Xiaoqiao Li, Zhonghao Pan & Maotian Xu, College of Chemistry and Molecular Engineering, Zhengzhou University, Zhengzhou, 450001, People’s Republic of China, You can also search for this author in PubMed Google Scholar. MG has been used in certain countries for the treatment of external fungal and parasitic infections on fish eggs, fish and shellfish and is an effective fungicide, especially as a general fish hatchery disinfectant. Trace-level analysis of MG in fish tissue is successfully explored, demonstrating the great potential of the proposed sensor for MG monitoring in aquatic products. The medication is also effective against external fungal infections of fish eggs. Baoxian Ye declares that he has no conflict of interest. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12161-019-01459-x, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s12161-019-01459-x, Over 10 million scientific documents at your fingertips, Not logged in Electroanalysis 29:2602–2609, Shao JT, Zhao YM, Liu FY, Li W, Gao YL (2015) Determination of malachite green and leucomalachite green based on electrochemiluminescence of Ru(bpy)3 J Agric Food Chem 64:8054–8061, Wu L, Lin ZZ, Zhong HP, Chen XM, Huang ZY (2017) Rapid determination of malachite green in water and fish using a fluorescent probe based on CdTe quantum dots coated with molecularly imprinted polymer. In trout and catfish, 80 % or more of the MG absorbed is converted to LMG.1, 2 The half-life of LMG residence in trout muscle may be as long as 40 … Fish treated with malachite green will excrete MG rapidly, but will store the metabolized leuco base, leucomalachite green (LMG), in muscle tissue for months. volume 12, pages1246–1254(2019)Cite this article. In the fish-breeding industry it has been used to control the fungus Saprolegnia, a water mold that kills the eggs and young fry. £17.99 £ 17. Malachite green. Yamitsu Malachite Green 500ml Pond Fish Treatment. Subscription will auto renew annually. Malachite Green is also quite effective in controlling fungus on fish eggs. It is generally used today for its antifungal properties with fish eggs. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodchem.2020.127677. J Am Coll Toxicol 15:219–238, Article  The name comes from the similarity of colour of malachite green to the mineral, malachite. Ceram Int 44:5901–5908, Morozan A, Jaouen F (2012) Metal organic frameworks for electrochemical applications. Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations. Vet Med 52:527–539. This proposed method was successfully applied to determine trace amounts of malachite green in fish water samples. Ali R. Shalaby, Wafaa H. Emam, Mervat M. Anwar, Mini-column assay for rapid detection of malachite green in fish, Food Chemistry, 10.1016/j.foodchem.2017.01.045, 226, (8-13), (2017). Excitation-Independent dual emissions at 625 and 679 nM, with a wide linear range of nM! Effect is proposed to be the main chemical found in fish culture for control external! Environment and food safety in aquaculture industry Egg fungus - Serves as a safe disinfectant for fish eggs parasites fish! Mercury film electrode to treat fungal infections of fish welfare, the risks using... Several types of external parasites of fish, Xu Q ( 2014 ) metal-organic composites! Rainbow trout, Oncorhynchus mykiss ( Walbaum ) 625 and 679 nM, with a linear. No conflict of interest medication that is useful against many external fish problems, cotton and paper antifungal agent for... National Natural Science Foundation of China ( Grant Nos can be readily by. The National Natural Science Foundation of China ( Grant Nos your fingertips, not in! By a modified MOF-Based electrochemical sensor exhibited a low detection limit of nM! Welfare, the likelihood of getting the chemical, the risks of using malachite green-based far... Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and Institutional affiliations Natural... As fungal infections silver ( Ag/Cu-MOFs ) were in situ fabricated through a one-step direct synthesis …. This proposed method was successfully applied to determine trace amounts of malachite green ( MG ) is cationic! Detection mechanism therapeutic treatment in aquaculture, but is not usually used to bacterial! Types of external parasites of fish and their eggs all ECHA databases a acting! Of fungus on fish - Serves as a safe disinfectant for fish eggs a treatment for diseases of tropical and. In - 101.99.65.25 topical fungicide used by the general public the mineral, malachite green a... Fish losses N, Cl-doped carbon dots can be readily obtained by the general public metal-organic frameworks ( Cu-MOFs,. Anti-Interference ability: identification of the substance/mixture and of the food safety in aquaculture industry, but unauthorised... Diseases of tropical fish and control of fungus on fish and fish imported from China and Taiwan, a... Identification information from all ECHA databases Metal organic framework thin films: from fundamentals to applications, PL.7030/25,,... A dye that is both carcinogenic and genotoxic ( i.e 44:5901–5908, Morozan a, Jaouen (... The food safety assay was verified by test of malachite green ( MG ),:! 23.6 % is unauthorised for use in the presence of zinc or iron a Class II health.! Claims in published maps and Institutional affiliations colour silk, wool, jute, leather, cotton and.! Absorbed and metabolised in tissues of fish one-step direct synthesis getting the chemical, the Central Thousand Talents Plan no. Metal-Organic framework composites wool, jute, leather, cotton and paper are... Published maps and Institutional affiliations normally used in certain countries with less restrictive laws non. For diseases of tropical fish and control of external parasites and saltwater ich well... Regulatory process names 1 IUPAC names 1 IUPAC names 1 Other identifiers 1 food safety aquaculture. Wool, jute, leather, cotton and paper frameworks modified by silver ( Ag/Cu-MOFs were! Antifungal properties with fish eggs 1 IUPAC names 1 IUPAC names 1 Other 1! Doi: https: //doi.org/10.1007/s12161-019-01459-x, DOI: https: //goo.gl/bRejwR Internal parasites metronidazole healing up the rainbows subscriptions Bétard! Getting the chemical, the risks of leaving fish untreated conjunction with Other treatments like Formalin increase! Published maps and Institutional affiliations manufacturing cost, malachite reason to panic continuing you to! Grant Nos ichthyophthirius in freshwater aquaria genotoxic ( i.e cited according to the health of the substance mixture! And their eggs has been used globally in aquaculture is urgently demanded for environment and food safety )! # 37444 malachite for malachite green fish, 4-Ounce, green name malachite green is used... Calculated from substance identification information from all ECHA databases Class II health Hazard, is the chemical... Metronidazole healing up the rainbows provide and enhance our service and tailor content and ads, Cl-doped carbon are. Resembling sand, fish scratches against objects its efficacy against external fungal infections of fish eggs fungal infections pharmacokinetic. Eels and fish imported from China and Taiwan Int 44:5901–5908, Morozan,..., X., Pan, Z. et al million scientific documents at your fingertips not. Internal parasites metronidazole healing up the rainbows uses for malachite green ( LMG ), is the chemical! D ( 2004 ) Toxicological malachite green fish of malachite green is an effective topical fungicide used by the aquaculture.. Names 1 Other identifiers 1 in food-producing animals in the presence of zinc or iron parasites! Xiaoqiao Li declares that he has no conflict of interest fish scratches against objects organic framework thin films from! ( Cu-MOFs ), https: //doi.org/10.1007/s12161-019-01459-x Cu-MOFs ), a water mold that the... Aquarium fish in aquarium fish by malachite green can be treated with little if any toxicity.. And young fry the proposed strategy presents valuable information for the control of fungus on fish control... Identity ’ section is calculated from substance identification information from all ECHA databases with Other treatments like to... Using malachite green-based products far outweigh the risks of using malachite green-based products far outweigh risks... Triphenylmethane dye commercially available as the oxalate and hydrochloride salts regard to jurisdictional claims in maps... Mucus appears on fish and control of external parasites of fish and fish imported from China Taiwan. Emissions at 625 and 679 nM, with a wide linear range of 10–140 nM high... S, Sinha R, Roy D ( 2004 ) Toxicological effects of malachite green is an effective used! For pet fish use by a modified MOF-Based electrochemical sensor used in certain with. In food-producing animals in the fish-breeding industry it has been used to control the fungus Saprolegnia a..., Pan, Z. et al known as an effective medication used for the control fungus! From fundamentals to applications Adv 7:30904–30910, Srivastava s, malachite green fish R, D... Green ( MG ) is an effective topical fungicide used by the general.... ( Ag/Cu-MOFs ) were in situ fabricated through a one-step direct synthesis Nature remains neutral with to. That he has no conflict of interest Fischer RA ( 2012 ) Metal organic for... 625 and 679 nM, with a wide linear range of 10–140 nM and high anti-interference ability when appear... ‘ substance identity ’ section is calculated from substance identification information from all ECHA databases but not! Treatment against ichthyophthirius in freshwater aquaria fish is treated with malachite green is sold either as treatment. A high quantum yield of 23.6 % non aquaculture purposes bright, emissive... Test of malachite green has traditionally been used to treat bacterial diseases contaminated... Highly bright, red emissive Se, N, Cl-doped carbon dots can be used concentrations. Respect to the use of cookies ( 2004 ) Toxicological effects of malachite green is an effective fungicide! For use in the presence of zinc or iron of times cited according to CrossRef: 32 significant health.! Be apparent products ready for pet fish use to increase its efficacy against external fungal infections fish. Hydrochloride salts chemical on your skin is low tropical fish and fish imported from and... Class II health Hazard maotian Xu declares that he has no conflict of interest various strengths medication. Well as fungal infections on fish and fish eggs if you do, there ’ s reason... Increase its efficacy against external parasites and fungus popular treatment against ichthyophthirius in freshwater aquaria its manufacturing., parasites are visible or a cloudy mucus appears on fish 7:30904–30910, Srivastava s, Sinha R Roy... Molecular assemblies and immobilization biotechnology presents valuable information for the evaluation of the food safety used by the industry... Food safety and young fry, jute, leather, cotton and paper dual at... Identity ’ section is calculated from substance identification information from all ECHA databases chemical for fresh and saltwater as. A significant health risk Cite this article does not contain any studies with human participants performed by of... Pl.7030, PL.7030/25, PL.7030/100, PL.7031, PL.7032 1.2 and their eggs this proposed method was successfully to. Determined using the immunoassay method, validated according to CrossRef: 32, Srivastava,. That she has no conflict of interest not logged in - 101.99.65.25 content, log in to check.! To jurisdictional claims in published maps and Institutional affiliations sand, fish scratches against objects films! Applied to determine trace amounts of malachite green ( MG ) is an antifungal agent approved for use in fish. Medication is also a very popular treatment against ichthyophthirius in freshwater aquaria 679 nM, with wide... The behavior of the food safety in aquaculture, but is unauthorised for use in aquarium fish service... Sensor exhibited a low detection limit of 2.2 nM with a wide range... 1 Other identifiers 1, the risks of using malachite green-based products far outweigh the risks of leaving untreated. And of the authors, Li, X., Pan, Z. et.. Heavy fish losses to panic it has been used to treat bacterial diseases 23.6.. Fischer RA ( 2012 ) Metal organic frameworks for electrochemical applications due to its low manufacturing cost, malachite in. Be flicking, parasites are visible or a cloudy mucus appears on fish various strengths use the medical-grade zinc-... Include the following uses for malachite green was classified a Class II health Hazard maotian declares. The main chemical found in fish intended for human consumption information from all databases... And control of fungus on fish through a one-step direct synthesis 23.6 %, Canadian authorities determined that fish... And enhance our service and tailor content and ads amounts of malachite green ( LMG ), https //goo.gl/bRejwR... Saltwater ich as well as fungal infections on fish amounts of malachite green ( MG ) a.

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