what is iodine

what is iodine

It mainly affects women of reproductive age but can also occur during menopause. Iodine is found naturally in some foods and is also added to salt that is labeled as "iodized". Forms of Iodine. In pregnant women, severe iodine deficiency can permanently harm the fetus by causing stunted growth, intellectual disability, and delayed sexual development. Product labels will indicate if the salt is “iodized” or provides iodide. However, certain groups of people are more likely than others to have trouble getting enough iodine: Iodine deficiency is uncommon in the United States and Canada. These crystals are legitimately sold and used in various products. This fact sheet by the Office of Dietary Supplements (ODS) provides information that should not take the place of medical advice. Women who are pregnant or breastfeeding need to get enough iodine for their babies to grow and develop properly. Most organic iodine compounds are in the -1 oxidation state. Seafood, eggs, milk, and milk products are among the best sources of iodine. You should be able to get all the iodine you need from a balanced and varied diet. Iodine is a chemical element that has the symbol Iand atomic number 53. Adding iodine to salt is the most widely used strategy to control iodine. Iodine is a mineral found in some foods. Iodine is rare and essential resource found naturally in seawater, brine water, and in specific geologic formations in parts of the world. Foods contain vitamins, minerals, dietary fiber and other substances that benefit health. Many people are familiar with tincture of iodine, a brown solution of the element in alcohol, used in the field of medicine as a germicide or antiseptic. However, only about half the prenatal multivitamins sold in the United States contain iodine. Getting enough iodine is important for everyone, especially infants and women who are pregnant. Brown seaweed such as kelp is a concentrated source of iodine and for this reason, should not be eaten more than once a week, especially during pregnancy. Also known as iodide, it is a type of mineral harbored in numerous plant-based and saltwater foods. Naturally-occurring iodine is a single isotope with 74 neutrons. Iodine is not abundant in its solid form, it is a radio contract metal in the chemical world. As a treatment, iodine helps with goiters (enlargements of the thyroid gland) and high thyroid levels such as in thyroid storm. Iodine is the heaviest of the stable halogens and is a chemical element. Check with your healthcare provider before taking iodine for this condition, especially because iodine can be unsafe at high doses. The body needs iodine to make thyroid hormones. +1 and +3 compounds are quite rare. Goitrogens are substances that interfere with the way the body uses iodine. Henjum S, et al. Office of Dietary Supplements Frequently Asked Questions: Which brand(s) of dietary supplements should I purchase? It is important to note there is a seasonal variation in the iodine content of milk – higher levels in winter milk rather than summer milk as cows are more reliant on mineral-fortified feed in the winter. The effects of mild iodine deficiency during childhood are more difficult to measure, but mild iodine deficiency might cause subtle problems with neurological development. Women who are pregnant need about 50% more iodine than other women to provide enough iodine for their baby. For more advice on choosing dietary supplements: For information about building a healthy diet. Any mention in this publication of a specific product or service, or recommendation from an organization or professional society, does not represent an endorsement by ODS of that product, service, or expert advice. The body also needs thyroid hormones for proper bone and brain development during pregnancy and infancy. No standard measurements of iodine in food exist because iodine concentrations vary across the world. Usually consumed as a nutritional supplement, it has a wide range of benefits that stretch beyond regulating and promoting thyroid function and boosting the metabolism in our body. The body needs iodine to make thyroid hormones. Many multivitamin-mineral supplements contain iodine. Fish (such as cod and tuna), seaweed, shrimp, and other seafood, which are generally rich in iodine, Dairy products (such as milk, yogurt, and cheese), which are major sources of iodine in American diets, Iodized salt, which is readily available in the United States and many other countries*, People who do not use iodized salt. The U.S. Food and Drug Administration has approved potassium iodide as a thyroid-blocking agent to reduce the risk of thyroid cancer in radiation emergencies. Iodine is a trace element that is naturally present in some foods, is added to some types of salt, and is available as a dietary supplement. A poisonous halogen element having compounds used as germicides, antiseptics, and food supplements, with numerous radioactive isotopes, which are used in diagnosis and treatment of thyroid diseases and neuroendocrine tumors. When iodine reaches the bloodstream, it is absorbed by the thyroid which then synthesises the thyroid hormones. Many Australians have enough iodine in their diet, but some don’t. People who get marginal amounts of iodine and who also eat foods containing goitrogens. All health content on bbcgoodfood.com is provided for general information only, and should not be treated as a substitute for the medical advice of your own doctor or any other health care professional. 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